Aerodynamics of footballs

Alam, F, Chowdhury, H, Whyte, C and Subic, A 2009, 'Aerodynamics of footballs', in Maqglub Al Nur (ed.) Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 26 - 28 December 2009, pp. 1-6.

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Aerodynamics of footballs
Author(s) Alam, F
Chowdhury, H
Whyte, C
Subic, A
Year 2009
Conference name The 8th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering (ICME2009)
Conference location Dhaka, Bangladesh
Conference dates 26 - 28 December 2009
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering
Editor(s) Maqglub Al Nur
Publisher Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Place of publication Dhaka, Bangladesh
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Abstract Ball sports are becoming faster and more demanding than ever before, pushing traditional ball designs to their limits. In order to meet the increasing performance requirements, the ball manufacturers are producing new designs that can display better aerodynamic performance, geometric symmetry and balance. Since the inception of football game-the most popular and widely played game in the world, the centre piece of the game- the spherical ball which has gone through significant structural changes over the decades. A traditional spherical ball made of 32 leather panels stitched together in 1970s has now become only 14 synthetic curved panels thermally bonded (without stitches). Currently Adidas, the official supplier and manufacturer of footballs to FIFA is believed to be more spherical and it performs more uniformly regardless of where it is hit. Therefore, the primary objectives of this study were to evaluate aerodynamic performances of a current Adidas 14 curved panel football ball and a traditional Nike made 32 leather panels football ball. The aerodynamic forces and moments were measured experimentally for a range of wind speeds (20 km/h to 130 km/h) and the non-dimensional drag coefficient was determined and compared.
Subjects Operations Research
Keyword(s) Aerodynamics
wind tunnel
drag coefficient
Copyright notice © ICME2009
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