Minor elements distribution during the smelting of WEEE with copper scrap

Anindya, A 2012, Minor elements distribution during the smelting of WEEE with copper scrap, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Civil, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, RMIT University.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size
Anindya.pdf Thesis Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf;... 4.43MB
Title Minor elements distribution during the smelting of WEEE with copper scrap
Author(s) Anindya, A
Year 2012
Abstract The disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) into landfill is no longer acceptable in most countries. WEEE contains toxic materials which cause environmental damage when they leach from landfill, but it also contains significant amounts of valuable metals and thus represents a potential resource for these metals. Reprocessing WEEE presents many technical challenges. The combination of metals found in WEEE is not the same as that found in ores, so the smelting techniques and slag systems that produce good recoveries of valuable metals from concentrates may not also produce high recoveries from WEEE. One attractive option for reprocessing WEEE is to add it to the feed to a secondary copper smelter using the traditional black copper route. Good examples of valuable minor elements in WEEE are tin and indium. The distribution behaviour of tin in common slags in copper smelting, calcium ferrite slag and ferrous silicate slag, is known but the behaviour of tin in ferrous calcium silicate slag is unknown. The way in which indium distributes in such a smelting circuit is also unknown because it is not a significant impurity in most copper ores. In this work the distribution of tin and indium between molten copper and slags whose compositions lie within the CaO-SiO2-FeOx (FCS) slag system has been reviewed. The results of experimental determinations of the tin and indium distribution at 1300oC have been reported and were used to calculate the activity coefficient of tin oxide and indium oxide in the slags. The activity coefficient data was utilised in a thermodynamic model of a secondary copper smelter to predict the way in which tin and indium deports to the various phases during the major processing stages.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Civil, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Keyword(s) Electronic waste
Ferrous Calcium Silicate Slag
Minor element distribution
Distribution thermodynamics
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 658 Abstract Views, 2229 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 12 Sep 2012, 15:20:36 EST by Brett Fenton
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us