The effect of different types of exercise supervision on adherence, health and fitness in the workplace

Hunter, J 2016, The effect of different types of exercise supervision on adherence, health and fitness in the workplace, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Health Sciences, RMIT University.


Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title The effect of different types of exercise supervision on adherence, health and fitness in the workplace
Author(s) Hunter, J
Year 2016
Abstract The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the effects of different types of exercise supervision in the workplace on employee physical activity participation and changes to health and fitness. A systematic review and meta-analysis found limited effects of previous workplace exercise programs on these outcomes, however, studies that prescribed moderate-high intensity exercise over at least four months achieved greater health and fitness improvements, while studies with attrition rates below 20% had the greatest improvements to physical activity participation. A university survey was then administered, in which 35% of employees reported being physically inactive for the preceding six months. A perceived lack of time and motivation were significantly associated with physical inactivity, while individual-level exercise prescription and supervision was identified as a potential facilitator to workplace exercise participation.

Over eight weeks, direct (1:1) exercise supervision resulted in no additional attendance or fitness benefits over and above indirect (standard gym) supervision and had no long-term (15 months) effects on physical activity participation. However, a more sensitive health and fitness testing battery and a longer intervention period (16 weeks) identified significant between-group differences to exercise adherence, health and fitness outcomes between directly, indirectly and unsupervised exercise. Specifically, both direct and indirect exercise supervision was important for improving employee cardiorespiratory fitness and upper body muscular strength compared to unsupervised exercise, while direct exercise supervision achieved greater exercise adherence and additional improvements to lower body strength and body composition (reduction in fat mass and increase in lean mass) over and above both indirectly and unsupervised exercise.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Health Sciences
Subjects Exercise Physiology
Keyword(s) Exercise
Physical activity
Workplace
Exercise adherence
Aerobic training
Resistance training
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Created: Thu, 02 Mar 2017, 10:46:56 EST by Denise Paciocco
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