Strongly correlated ab initio calculations based on the GW method and their application to Vanadium Dioxide

Booth, J 2017, Strongly correlated ab initio calculations based on the GW method and their application to Vanadium Dioxide, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Science, RMIT University.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Strongly correlated ab initio calculations based on the GW method and their application to Vanadium Dioxide
Author(s) Booth, J
Year 2017
Abstract It is demonstrated that the signatures of the Hubbard Model in the strongly interacting regime can be simulated by modifying the screening in the limit of zero wavevector in Projector-Augmented Wave GW calculations for systems without significant nesting. This modification, when applied to the Mott insulator CuO, results in the opening of the Mott gap by the splitting of states at the Fermi level into upper and lower Hubbard bands, and exhibits a giant transfer of spectral weight upon electron doping. The method is also employed to clearly illustrate that the M1 and M2 forms of vanadium dioxide are fundamentally different types of insulator. Standard GW calculations are sufficient to open a gap in M1 VO2, which arise from the Peierls pairings filling the valence band, creating homopolar bonds. The valence band wavefunctions are stabilized with respect to the conduction band, reducing polarizability and pushing the conduction band eigenvalues to higher energy. The M2 structure however opens a gap from strong on-site interactions; it is a Mott insulator.

The correlation between the energy landscape and electronic structure of the metal-insulator transition of vanadium dioxide and the atomic motions occurring is also probed using first principles calculations and high resolution X-ray diffraction. DFT calculations find an energy barrier between the high and low temperature phases corresponding to contraction followed by expansion of the distances between vanadium atoms on neighbouring sub-lattices. X-ray diffraction reveals anisotropic strain broadening in the low temperature structure's crystal planes, however only for those with spacings affected by this compression/expansion. GW calculations reveal that traversing this barrier destabilises the bonding/anti-bonding splitting of the low temperature phase. This precise atomic description of the origin of the energy barrier separating the two structures will facilitate more precise control over the transition characteristics for new applications and devices.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Science
Subjects Surfaces and Structural Properties of Condensed Matter
Condensed Matter Modelling and Density Functional Theory
Keyword(s) vanadium dioxide
phase transitions
Strong Correlations
GW Approximation
electronic structure
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Created: Tue, 20 Mar 2018, 10:07:49 EST by Denise Paciocco
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