Negotiating the politics of emplacement: the Prestes Maia occupation in São Paulo, Brazil, and the ruka Folilche Aflaiai in Santiago de Chile

Caulkins, M 2018, Negotiating the politics of emplacement: the Prestes Maia occupation in São Paulo, Brazil, and the ruka Folilche Aflaiai in Santiago de Chile, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University.


Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Negotiating the politics of emplacement: the Prestes Maia occupation in São Paulo, Brazil, and the ruka Folilche Aflaiai in Santiago de Chile
Author(s) Caulkins, M
Year 2018
Abstract This thesis critically explores what negotiating a politics of emplacement looks like by engaging with two urban property struggles in Latin America. The thesis refines our understanding of the importance of space in resistance politics as space provides not only location but also is deployed strategically and is the base for the creation of resistance identities. The research analyses the resurgence of the local Mapuche (Indigenous) spaces in Santiago de Chile and a squatting movement in downtown São Paulo, Brazil. Both case studies are grounded in extensive fieldwork in each city. Two sets of semi-structured qualitative interviews were produced with participants at each site and with government officials in each city. The thesis analyses the politics of emplacement to investigate the spatial qualities of the resistance at these sites. This politics is a positioning to resist but also the creation of a place from which to resist. The emplacements analysed include three moments: gaining access to spaces in the city; transforming these spaces into differential social spaces; and politicising those spaces.

The discussion presented in this thesis shows how the emplacements create narratives of resistance in relation to space, property and territory. The groups at each of the two struggles create a differential space through their intense mobilisation and spatial politics. They build on top of that spatial politics to create alternative property arrangements at the sites. These alternative forms of property engage with the fetishism for legal formality of the two local Latin American states. And the groups change internal and external territorial relations to build up a fragmented territoriality in the city. In this sense this thesis contributes to these actually existing struggles against displacement but avoids reinforcing the role of state recognised and sanctioned forms of property.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Global, Urban and Social Studies
Subjects Urban Analysis and Development
Urban Policy
Urban and Regional Studies (excl. Planning)
Keyword(s) spatial politics
alternative property arrangements
fragmented territoriality
marginalised property struggles
emplacement
socio-cultural displacement
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Created: Wed, 28 Nov 2018, 13:46:20 EST by Keely Chapman
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