Transparent planning for biodiversity and development in the urban fringe

Bekessy, S, White, M, Gordon, A, Moilanen, A, McCarthy, M and Wintle, B 2012, 'Transparent planning for biodiversity and development in the urban fringe', Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 108, no. 2 - 4, pp. 140-149.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Transparent planning for biodiversity and development in the urban fringe
Author(s) Bekessy, S
White, M
Gordon, A
Moilanen, A
McCarthy, M
Wintle, B
Year 2012
Journal name Landscape and Urban Planning
Volume number 108
Issue number 2 - 4
Start page 140
End page 149
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract In Australia, over 50% of threatened species occur within the urban fringe and accelerating urbanization is now a key threat. Biodiversity near and within urban areas brings much social benefit but its maintenance involves complex trade-offs between competing land uses. Urban design typically views biodiversity as a development constraint, not a value to be enhanced into the future. We argue that decisions could be more transparent and systematic and we demonstrate that efficient development solutions can be found that avoid areas important for biodiversity. We present a case study in the context of land use change across the city of Wyndham, a local Government west of Melbourne, Australia. We use reserve design tools in a novel way to identify priority development sites, based on a synthesis of ecological, social and economic data. Trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and other key development objectives and constraints (transport planning, flood risk and food production) are quantified. The analysis can be conducted dynamically with visually compelling output, facilitating more transparent, efficient and democratically derived urban planning solutions. We suggest that government agencies could adopt similar approaches to identify efficient planning solutions for both biodiversity and development in urban environments.
Subject Environment Policy
Conservation and Biodiversity
Simulation and Modelling
Keyword(s) Conservation planning
Development planning
Urban biodiversity
Reserve selection
ZONATION
Basalt plains grassland
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.09.001
Copyright notice © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0169-2046
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 33 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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