Water quality parameters in relation to chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka

Paranagama, D, Jayasuriya, N and Bhuiyan, M 2013, 'Water quality parameters in relation to chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka', in Ranjith Dissanayake, M.T.R. Jayasinghe, P.A. Mendis, Shiroma Fernando, Janaka Y. Ruwanpura (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2012), Kandy, Sri Lanka, 14-16 December 2012, pp. 173-183.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

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Title Water quality parameters in relation to chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka
Author(s) Paranagama, D
Jayasuriya, N
Bhuiyan, M
Year 2013
Conference name Capacity Building for Sustainability
Conference location Kandy, Sri Lanka
Conference dates 14-16 December 2012
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2012)
Editor(s) Ranjith Dissanayake, M.T.R. Jayasinghe, P.A. Mendis, Shiroma Fernando, Janaka Y. Ruwanpura
Publisher University of Peradeniya
Place of publication Sri Lanka
Start page 173
End page 183
Total pages 11
Abstract In Sri Lanka, high concentrations of certain water quality parameters in drinking water are assumed to be causing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Nmih Central Province (NCP) in Sri Lanka repotis the highest number of CKD patients and mmiality rates. The repmied research herein concentrates on re-examining diverse causative factors identified by previous researchers on CKD and analysis of water quality in samples from shallow wells supplying drinking water to CKD patients and non-patients in NCP. The samples were tested for a number of parameters such as anions, cations, and heavy metals. These include Cd, Na, Ca, F and Cl which previous researchers have suggested as causative factors for CKD. The preliminmy analyses of data indicated majority of water quality parameters collected from the study area did not exceed the WHO drinking water quality standards. The critical water quality parameters that could cause the CKD were investigated using Factor Analysis techniques. From the water samples collected from the CKD Patients the parameters of Na, Cl, Mg, F and Ca could be grouped into one Factor and identified as hydro-geologically originating. Another Factor which could be due to nutrients from fetiilizer was identified consisting of N and P whereas Cd was grouped into a single Factor. In contrast, the water quality parameters in water samples collected from CKD Non-Patients were different and could not be clearly grouped into any special category.
Subjects Water Quality Engineering
Keyword(s) Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
North Central Province (NCP) in Sri Lanka
CKD Patients
Water Quality Analysis
Statistical Analysis
Factor Analysis
Copyright notice © 2013 University of Peradeniya
ISBN 9789555495806
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