Application of TRIZ in improving the creativity of engineering experts

Belski, I and Belski, I 2013, 'Application of TRIZ in improving the creativity of engineering experts ', in Améziane Aoussat, Denis Cavallucci, Marc Trela, Joost Duflou (ed.) Proceedings of the 13th ETRIA World TRIZ Future Conference 2013, Paris, France, 29-31 October 2013, pp. 67-72.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Application of TRIZ in improving the creativity of engineering experts
Author(s) Belski, I
Belski, I
Year 2013
Conference name TRIZ Future Conference 2013
Conference location Paris, France
Conference dates 29-31 October 2013
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 13th ETRIA World TRIZ Future Conference 2013
Editor(s) Améziane Aoussat, Denis Cavallucci, Marc Trela, Joost Duflou
Publisher Arts Et Metiers ParisTech
Place of publication Paris, France
Start page 67
End page 72
Total pages 6
Abstract Numerous researchers have extensively studied two causes of problem solvers' inflexibility which impede creativity: the Einstellung effect [1] and design fixation [2]. The former has been demonstrated experimentally on numerous occasions and is induced by prior experience. The latter is a result of our fixedness on the functions of things which we regularly use. This paper focuses on the third cause of inflexibility, which has not been researched adequately - the detrimental effect of professional expertise on creativity [3[. This detrimental effect is a natural consequence of extensive professional experience and the possession of large amounts of domain knowledge. After approximately 10 years in a profession, due to the construction of effective knowledge schemas, the short-term memory limitations which normally impede effective idea generation can partly or even completely disappear. As a result, experts attain an ability to search for solutions to problems quickly - without significant cognitive and time effort. Although this 'quickness' of experts in suggesting solutions is advantageous, it also creates negative consequences. Experts' solutions are usually confined to their domain-specific knowledge and do not utlize novel ideas. This study reviews existing evidence related to the detrimental influence of expertise on creativity and discusses how the application of TRIZ tools of Sustance-Field Analysis and Method of the Ideal Result can minimize this negative influence.
Subjects Higher Education
Decision Making
Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development
Keyword(s) Engineering creativity
fixation
memory search
substance-field analysis
method of the ideal result
Copyright notice © 2013 Published and peer-review under responsibility of ETRIA
ISBN 9782900781814
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