Rheological characterisation of primary and secondary sludge: Impact of solids concentration

Markis, F, Baudez, J, Parthasarathy, R, Slatter, P and Eshtiaghi, N 2014, 'Rheological characterisation of primary and secondary sludge: Impact of solids concentration', Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 253, pp. 526-537.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Rheological characterisation of primary and secondary sludge: Impact of solids concentration
Author(s) Markis, F
Baudez, J
Parthasarathy, R
Slatter, P
Eshtiaghi, N
Year 2014
Journal name Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume number 253
Start page 526
End page 537
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Predicting the rheological behaviour of sludge is essential in the design and optimisation of various unit operations of waste water treatment, most notably anaerobic digestion whereby the efficient mixing of sludge feed produces biogas and digested sludge. In this paper, the rheological behaviour of primary sludge (2.8%, 3.7%, 5.5%, 6.8% and 8.2% TS) and secondary sludge (2.8%, 4.0%, 5.0%, 6.5% and 9.2% TS) has been investigated. At low stress, below the yield stress, sludge behaved as a visco-elastic solid, whereby primary sludge yielded abruptly whilst secondary sludge flowed smoothly to steady state. In the steady state, both sludges behaved as shear thinning, yield stress fluids with primary sludge exhibiting highly thixotropic behaviour. The apparent viscosity, yield stress and fluid consistency of both primary and secondary sludge increase with increasing total solids concentration and followed the Herschel-Bulkley model. A master curve was developed based on the dimensionless form of the Herschel-Bulkley model allowing the rheology of primary and secondary sludge at any concentration to be determined.
Subject Rheology
Wastewater Treatment Processes
Keyword(s) Herschel-Bulkley model
Primary sludge
Secondary sludge
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.cej.2014.05.085
Copyright notice © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN 1385-8947
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 47 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 26 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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