An experimental study of pedestrians walking through angled corridors

Dias, C, Ejtemai, O, Sarvi, M and Shiwakoti, N 2014, 'An experimental study of pedestrians walking through angled corridors', in Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting, Washington, United States, 12-16 January 2014, pp. 1-14.

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title An experimental study of pedestrians walking through angled corridors
Author(s) Dias, C
Ejtemai, O
Sarvi, M
Shiwakoti, N
Year 2014
Conference name 93rd TRB Annual Meeting
Conference location Washington, United States
Conference dates 12-16 January 2014
Proceedings title Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting
Publisher Transportation Research Board
Place of publication United States
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Abstract Understanding pedestrian walking characteristics is important to plan and design mass gathering places for day-to-day activities as well as emergency evacuations. This is essential to ensure safety and efficiency of crowd dynamics by optimizing architectural designs and proper management of crowds at public buildings and built environment. Most of previous empirical and theoretical studies highlight the behaviors of crowds as a whole system (macroscopic behavior) or interpersonal microscopic interactions within the crowd. A major gap in the knowledge is that no sufficient research has been carried out to examine solo walking characteristics, particularly when individual pedestrians interact with complex geometries such as turning. It is questionable whether the existing mathematical or simulation models can accurately reflect the characteristics related to solo human behaviors in these conditions. A series of experiments were conducted to understand the solo walking characteristics of individuals walking through angled corridors with different speeds. A detailed discussion of initial results is presented in this paper. As results suggest, individuals tend to reduce speeds within a fixed region on the angled path and dimensions of this region are independent of turning angle, but are dependent on individuals' desired speed. Findings of this empirical study are important to calibrating parameters or behavioral rules for microscopic pedestrian models.
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