Adherence to insulin treatment in diabetes: can it be improved?

Doggrell, S and Chan, V 2015, 'Adherence to insulin treatment in diabetes: can it be improved?', Journal of Diabetes, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 315-321.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Adherence to insulin treatment in diabetes: can it be improved?
Author(s) Doggrell, S
Chan, V
Year 2015
Journal name Journal of Diabetes
Volume number 7
Issue number 3
Start page 315
End page 321
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Abstract Insulin is used in all subjects with Type 1 diabetes, and when Type 2 diabetes is not controlled by oral anti-diabetic medicines, insulin is also used in Type 2 diabetes. However, despite this use, there is still increased mortality and morbidity in subjects with diabetes, compared to subjects without diabetes. One of the factors, which may be involved in this increased mortality and morbidity in subjects with diabetes, is nonadherence to insulin. Nonadherence rates to insulin are in the range of 20-38%, and many factors contribute to the nonadherence. The major aim of the review was to determine whether interventions to improve adherence to insulin do actually improve adherence to insulin. Most studies have shown that adherence to insulin was improved by changing from the vial-and-syringe approach to prefilled insulin pens, but not all studies have shown that this translated into better glycemic control and clinical outcomes. The results of studies using automatic telephone messages to improve adherence to insulin to date are inconclusive. There is limited and variable evidence that an intervention by a nurse/educator, which discusses adherence to medicines, does improve adherence to insulin. In contrast, there is little or no evidence that an extra intervention by a doctor or an intervention by a pharmacist, which discusses adherence to insulin, does actually improve the measured adherence to insulin. In conclusion, rather than assuming that an intervention by a health professional discussing adherence to insulin actually improves adherence to insulin, long-term studies investigating this are required.
Subject Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice
Keyword(s) adherence
diabetes
health professional
insulin
telephone
DOI - identifier 10.1111/1753-0407.12212
Copyright notice © 2014 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
ISSN 1753-0393
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