A review of experimental studies on complex pedestrian movement behaviors

Shi, X, Ye, Z, Shiwakoti, N and Li, Z 2015, 'A review of experimental studies on complex pedestrian movement behaviors', in Yu Zhang, Xuedong Yan, Yafeng Yin (ed.) Proceedings of the15th COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals (CICTP 2015), Beijing, China, 24-27 July 2015, pp. 1081-1096.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title A review of experimental studies on complex pedestrian movement behaviors
Author(s) Shi, X
Ye, Z
Shiwakoti, N
Li, Z
Year 2015
Conference name CICTP 2015: Efficient, Safe, and Green Multimodal Transportation
Conference location Beijing, China
Conference dates 24-27 July 2015
Proceedings title Proceedings of the15th COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals (CICTP 2015)
Editor(s) Yu Zhang, Xuedong Yan, Yafeng Yin
Publisher American Society of Civil Engineers
Place of publication Reston, VA, United States
Start page 1081
End page 1096
Total pages 16
Abstract This paper provides a critical review on the experimental studies of complex pedestrian movement behaviors so as to indicate any knowledge gaps in the empirical research on pedestrian crowd dynamics. Types of complex pedestrian movement behaviors are classified, and similarities and dissimilarities between these behaviors are explored. Furthermore, empirical data derived from controlled experiments with human participants are summarized and compared. Also, the use of these data for calibration and validation of pedestrian simulation models are examined. Finally, the differences of pedestrian behaviors between experimental and real-life situations are discussed. Findings from this study are useful for researchers who want to perform experiments or field observations to understand crowd dynamics and for modelers to develop, calibrate and validate their proposed pedestrian simulation models.
Subjects Transport Engineering
Keyword(s) Crowd dynamics
Experiments
Human participants
Complex behavior
Microscopic interactions
DOI - identifier 10.1061/9780784479292.fm
Copyright notice © 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers
ISBN 9780784479292
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