Impact of thermal treatment on the rheological properties and composition of waste activated sludge: COD solubilisation as a footprint of rheological changes

Farno, E, Baudez, J, Parthasarathy, R and Eshtiaghi, N 2016, 'Impact of thermal treatment on the rheological properties and composition of waste activated sludge: COD solubilisation as a footprint of rheological changes', Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 294, pp. 39-48.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Impact of thermal treatment on the rheological properties and composition of waste activated sludge: COD solubilisation as a footprint of rheological changes
Author(s) Farno, E
Baudez, J
Parthasarathy, R
Eshtiaghi, N
Year 2016
Journal name Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume number 294
Start page 39
End page 48
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The rheological properties of sludge are key parameters in the design and optimisation of wastewater treatment processes. However, these properties are irreversibly altered when the sludge is exposed to heat (e.g. either passing through heat exchangers of anaerobic digesters or during thermal pre-treatment process before digesters). Literature showed that thermal pre-treatment of waste activated sludge (WAS) solubilises particulate organic matter in sludge and increases the biodegradability of WAS in anaerobic digesters. This paper reports the similarity between the kinetic of rheological enhancements due to thermal treatment and the rate of organic matter solubilisation in the WAS when it is subjected to cyclic thermal treatment between 20 and 80 °C up to 1 h. This work observed the evolution of rheological characteristics and soluble oxygen demand (sCOD) of 3.5-9.9 wt.% WAS at different temperatures and for different thermal histories (1 h thermal treatment at 50, 60, 70 and 80 °C). Results showed that, the rate of yield stress and infinite viscosity reductions due to thermal treatment (for 1 h treatment at 50, 60, 70 and 80 °C) were linearly proportional to the rate of solubilisation of organic matter. Because similar results were observed in the literature with digested sludge, these results confirmed that rheological measurement (e.g. infinite viscosity and yield stress) can be used to predict the level of solubilisation of organic matter in any type of sludge when it is exposed to thermal treatment. Vice versa, the rate of COD changes can be used as an indicator of the rate of rheological changes.
Subject Rheology
Wastewater Treatment Processes
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.cej.2016.03.022
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1385-8947
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