Exploring the permanence of conservation covenants

Hardy, M, Fitzsimons, J, Bekessy, S and Gordon, A 2017, 'Exploring the permanence of conservation covenants', Conservation Letters, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 221-230.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Exploring the permanence of conservation covenants
Author(s) Hardy, M
Fitzsimons, J
Bekessy, S
Gordon, A
Year 2017
Journal name Conservation Letters
Volume number 10
Issue number 2
Start page 221
End page 230
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Abstract Conservation on private land is a growing part of international efforts to stem the decline of biodiversity. In many countries, private land conservation policy often supports in-perpetuity covenants and easements, which are legally binding agreements used to protect biodiversity on private land by restricting activities that may negatively impact ecological values. With a view to understand the long-term security of these mechanisms, we examined release and breach data from all 13 major covenanting programs across Australia. We report that out of 6,818 multi-party covenants, only 8 had been released, contrasting with approximately 130 of 673 single-party covenants. Breach data was limited, with a minimum of 71 known cases where covenant obligations had not been met. With a focus on private land conservation policy, we use the results from this case study to argue that multi-party covenants appear an enduring conservation mechanism, highlight the important role that effective monitoring and reporting of the permanency of these agreements plays in contributing to their long-term effectiveness, and provide recommendations for organizations seeking to improve their monitoring programs. The collection of breach and release data is important for the continuing improvement of conservation policies and practices for private land.
Subject Conservation and Biodiversity
Land Use and Environmental Planning
Environmental Management
Keyword(s) covenants
private land conservation
private protected areas
14 easements
DOI - identifier 10.1111/conl.12243
Copyright notice © 2016 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ISSN 1755-263X
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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