Liquefaction incidents of mineral cargoes on board bulk carriers

Munro, M and Mohajerani, A 2016, 'Liquefaction incidents of mineral cargoes on board bulk carriers', Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 5219474, pp. 1-20.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Liquefaction incidents of mineral cargoes on board bulk carriers
Author(s) Munro, M
Mohajerani, A
Year 2016
Journal name Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Article Number 5219474
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 19
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Abstract Liquefaction is a frequently occurring problem taking place when transporting wet granular solid bulk cargoes on-board bulk carriers. Liquefaction of a solid bulk cargo can occur when excessive dynamic loading, induced by rough seas and vessel vibrations, is transmitted to the cargo. From 1988 to 2015, there has been 24 suspected liquefaction incidents reported, which resulted in 164 casualties and the loss of 18 vessels. The objective of this study is to investigate the collective causes of liquefaction of solid bulk cargoes on-board bulk carriers in order to make recommendations to prevent future incidents from occurring. This was achieved by analysing the seven available investigative reports relating to the incidents, focusing on the key findings and exploring the effect of excess moisture within the cargo. This study has placed significant emphasis on the importance of preventing ingress of water into the cargo during transportation, loading and storage. Recommendations have been given, based on the key findings from the reports, to reduce the potential for liquefaction incidents to occur.
Subject Civil Geotechnical Engineering
DOI - identifier 10.1155/2016/5219474
Copyright notice Copyright © 2016 Michael C. Munro and Abbas Mohajerani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ISSN 1687-8442
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 27 Apr 2016, 08:11:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
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