A comparison of web and paper based approaches for idea generation

Valentine, A, Belski, I and Hamilton, M 2015, 'A comparison of web and paper based approaches for idea generation', in Aman Oo, Arun Patel, Tim Hilditch and Siva Chandran (ed.) Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2015), Geelong, Australia, 6-9 December 2015, pp. 567-576.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title A comparison of web and paper based approaches for idea generation
Author(s) Valentine, A
Belski, I
Hamilton, M
Year 2015
Conference name AAEE 2015
Conference location Geelong, Australia
Conference dates 6-9 December 2015
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2015)
Editor(s) Aman Oo, Arun Patel, Tim Hilditch and Siva Chandran
Publisher Deakin University, School of Engineering
Place of publication Geelong, Australia
Start page 567
End page 576
Total pages 10
Abstract Seven tutorial classes of first year students participated in the study. In the experiment, students were allocated into one of two groups: a web based group or a paper based group. Students were asked two 7-point Likert scale questions in a pre-experiment questionnaire regarding the extent they use electronic and paper materials while studying. Students from each group were then given an introduction to the Su-Field Analysis methodology via a 15 minute instructional video. Participants were presented with an engineering related problem and were provided with 16 minutes of time to independently produce as many solution ideas as possible. Three assessors (the authors) individually reviewed and counted the number of ideas generated by students. The average number of ideas generated within each group was used to determine which group was most effective at idea generation. The mean values of the Likert scale questions from the pre-experiment questionnaire were compared. The difference between the values suggested that the engineering students perceive that they utilise electronic materials to a greater extent than paper based materials whilst studying. A Wilcoxon Singed Ranks Test was performed to determine whether the difference between means was statistically significant. The results of the test established that there was statistical significance between the mean values. Participants from the paper based group generated 10.5 ideas on average, while participants of the web based group generated an average of 7.9 ideas. The distribution of the number of generated ideas for each group was checked for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk method. It was determined that the distribution of the paper based group was not normally distributed. Accordingly, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney Test method was used to determine the statistical significance between the groups. The test showed that there was no statistical significance between the web and paper based groups.
Subjects Higher Education
Decision Making
Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development
Copyright notice Copyright © 2015 Andrew Valentine, louri Belski, Margaret Hamilton: The authors assign to AAEE and educational non-profit institutions a non-exclusive licence to use this document for personal use and in courses of instruction provided that the article is used in full and this copyright statement is reproduced. The authors also grant a non-exclusive licence to AAEE to publish this document in full on the World Wide Web (prime sites and mirrors), on Memory Sticks, and in printed form within the AAEE 2015 conference proceedings. Any other usage is prohibited without the express permission of the authors.
ISBN 9780730000419
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