A longitudinal analysis of safety climate in the dynamic construction project environment

Zhang, P and Lingard, H 2016, 'A longitudinal analysis of safety climate in the dynamic construction project environment', in P W Chan and C J Neilson (ed.) Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, Vol 1 (ARCOM 2016), Manchester, United Kingdom, 5-7 September 2016, pp. 529-538.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title A longitudinal analysis of safety climate in the dynamic construction project environment
Author(s) Zhang, P
Lingard, H
Year 2016
Conference name ARCOM 2016
Conference location Manchester, United Kingdom
Conference dates 5-7 September 2016
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, Vol 1 (ARCOM 2016)
Editor(s) P W Chan and C J Neilson
Publisher Association of Researchers in Construction Management
Place of publication United Kingdom
Start page 529
End page 538
Total pages 10
Abstract There has been emerging evidence that safety climate is not stable but changes over time. In the complex and dynamic construction project environment, it is highly likely that safety climate fluctuates over the life of a project. This study longitudinally measured safety climate at construction projects, and also explored the overall safety climate change patterns. Safety climate was measured with a multi-level safety climate measurement instrument. At the organizational level, the instrument measured construction workers' perceptions of client organizational safety response (COSR) and principal contractor organizational safety response (PCOSR). At the workgroup level, the instrument measured workers' perceptions of supervisors' safety response (SSR) and coworkers' safety response (CWSR). Three waves of data collection were undertaken at four processing plant construction projects in New Zealand. The research results indicate that safety climate does change over the life of a construction project at different levels. Workers' perceptions of COSR and PCOSR generally declined across all projects over the three surveys. At two projects, although workers' perceptions of COSR and PCOSR declined between the second survey and the third survey, workers' perceptions of SSR increased during the same period. Moreover, while workers' perceptions of COSR, PCOSR and SSR generally declined between the first survey and the second survey, workers' perceptions of CWSR increased during the same period at three projects. The research highlights the potential role played by supervisors in managing boundary relationships between their workgroups and the organizational environment, and maintaining a positive safety climate in their workgroups.
Subjects Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Keyword(s) safety climate
longitudinal
multi-levels
construction project
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ISBN 9780995546301
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