A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood

Tovar Lopez, F, Gary, R, Westein, E, Khoshmanesh, K, Jackson, S, Mitchell, A and Nesbitt, W 2009, 'A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood', Lab on a Chip, vol. 10, pp. 291-302.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood
Author(s) Tovar Lopez, F
Gary, R
Westein, E
Khoshmanesh, K
Jackson, S
Mitchell, A
Nesbitt, W
Year 2009
Journal name Lab on a Chip
Volume number 10
Start page 291
End page 302
Total pages 11
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract This paper reports the development of a platform technology for measuring platelet function and aggregation based on localized strain rate micro-gradients. Recent experimental findings within our laboratories have identified a key role for strain rate micro-gradients in focally triggering initial recruitment and subsequent aggregation of discoid platelets at sites of blood vessel injury. We present the design justification, hydrodynamic characterization and experimental validation of a microfluidic device incorporating contraction-expansion geometries that generate strain rate conditions mimicking the effects of pathological changes in blood vessel geometry. Blood perfusion through this device supports our published findings of both in vivo and in vitro platelet aggregation and confirms a critical requirement for the coupling of blood flow acceleration to downstream deceleration for the initiation and stabilization of platelet aggregation, in the absence of soluble platelet agonists. The microfluidics platform presented will facilitate the detailed analysis of the effects of hemodynamic parameters on the rate and extent of platelet aggregation and will be a useful tool to elucidate the hemodynamic and platelet mechanotransduction mechanisms, underlying this shear-dependent process.
Subject Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics
DOI - identifier 10.1039/b916757a
Copyright notice © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2009
ISSN 1473-0197
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