City planning and population health: a global challenge

Giles-Corti, B, Vernez-Moudon, A, Reis, R, Turrell, G, Dannenberg, A, Badland, H, Foster, S, Lowe, M, Sallis, J, Stevenson, M and Owen, N 2016, 'City planning and population health: a global challenge', The Lancet, vol. 388, no. 10062, pp. 2912-2924.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title City planning and population health: a global challenge
Author(s) Giles-Corti, B
Vernez-Moudon, A
Reis, R
Turrell, G
Dannenberg, A
Badland, H
Foster, S
Lowe, M
Sallis, J
Stevenson, M
Owen, N
Year 2016
Journal name The Lancet
Volume number 388
Issue number 10062
Start page 2912
End page 2924
Total pages 13
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Abstract Significant global health challenges are being confronted in the 21st century, prompting calls to rethink approaches to disease prevention. A key part of the solution is city planning that reduces non-communicable diseases and road trauma while also managing rapid urbanisation. This Series of papers considers the health impacts of city planning through transport mode choices. In this, the first paper, we identify eight integrated regional and local interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling, and public transport use, while reducing private motor vehicle use. These interventions are destination accessibility, equitable distribution of employment across cities, managing demand by reducing the availability and increasing the cost of parking, designing pedestrian-friendly and cycling-friendly movement networks, achieving optimum levels of residential density, reducing distance to public transport, and enhancing the desirability of active travel modes (eg, creating safe attractive neighbourhoods and safe, affordable, and convenient public transport). Together, these interventions will create healthier and more sustainable compact cities that reduce the environmental, social, and behavioural risk factors that affect lifestyle choices, levels of traffic, environmental pollution, noise, and crime. The health sector, including health ministers, must lead in advocating for integrated multisector city planning that prioritises health, sustainability, and liveability outcomes, particularly in rapidly changing low-income and middle-income countries. We recommend establishing a set of indicators to benchmark and monitor progress towards achievement of more compact cities that promote health and reduce health inequities.
Subject Epidemiology
Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
DOI - identifier 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30066-6
ISSN 0140-6736
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