Are liveable neighbourhoods safer neighbourhoods? Testing the rhetoric on new urbanism and safety from crime in Perth, Western Australia

Foster, S, Hooper, P, Knuiman, M, Bull, F and Giles-Corti, B 2016, 'Are liveable neighbourhoods safer neighbourhoods? Testing the rhetoric on new urbanism and safety from crime in Perth, Western Australia', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 164, pp. 150-157.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Are liveable neighbourhoods safer neighbourhoods? Testing the rhetoric on new urbanism and safety from crime in Perth, Western Australia
Author(s) Foster, S
Hooper, P
Knuiman, M
Bull, F
Giles-Corti, B
Year 2016
Journal name Social Science and Medicine
Volume number 164
Start page 150
End page 157
Total pages 8
Publisher Pergamon Press
Abstract New urbanism advocates for the design of the compact, pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use developments thought to promote walking. New urbanist proponents also claim their developments incur other social and wellbeing benefits, including enhanced safety from crime; however there is limited empirical evidence supporting this. We tested the premise that new urbanism inhibits crime by examining the relationship between compliance with a planning policy based on new urbanism and: (1) residents' reports of victimisation; and (2) objective crime measures. RESIDE Participants (n = 603) who had lived in their new developments for 36 months completed a questionnaire that included items on their experiences of victimisation. Detailed measures quantifying the degree to which these developments (n = 36) complied with the policy requirements were generated in Geographic Information Systems. Logistic regression examined the associations between policy compliance and self-report victimisation, and negative binomial log-linear models examined area-level associations between compliance and objective crime. For each 10% increase in overall policy compliance, the odds of being a victim reduced by 40% (OR = 0.60, CI = 0.53-0.67, p = 0.000). Findings for the individual policy 'elements' were consistent with this: for each 10% increment in compliance with the community design, movement network, lot layout and public parkland elements, the odds of victimisation reduced by approximately 6% (p = 0.264), 51% (p = 0.001), 15% (p = 0.000) and 22% (p = 0.001) respectively. However, while policy compliance correlated with lower odds of self-report victimisation among residents, the associations between compliance and development-wide (objective) crime were positive but non-significant. The results indicate that planning policies based on new urbanism may indeed deliver other social and wellbeing benefits for residents, however they also hint that the design of an 'objectively' safe place may differ f
Subject Epidemiology
Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Built environment
Crime
New urbanism
Planning policy
Safety
Victimisation
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.04.013
Copyright notice © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0277-9536
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