A new urban planning code's impact on walking: the residential environments project

Christian, H, Knuiman, M, Bull, F, Timperio, A, Foster, S, Divitini, M, Middleton, N and Giles-Corti, B 2013, 'A new urban planning code's impact on walking: the residential environments project', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 103, no. 7, pp. 1219-1228.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A new urban planning code's impact on walking: the residential environments project
Author(s) Christian, H
Knuiman, M
Bull, F
Timperio, A
Foster, S
Divitini, M
Middleton, N
Giles-Corti, B
Year 2013
Journal name American Journal of Public Health
Volume number 103
Issue number 7
Start page 1219
End page 1228
Total pages 10
Publisher American Public Health Association
Abstract Objectives. We examined whether people moving into a housing development designed according to a state government livable neighborhoods subdivision code engage in more walking than do people who move to other types of developments. Methods. In a natural experiment of 1813 people building homes in 73 new housing developments in Perth, Western Australia, we surveyed participants before and then 12 and 36 months after moving. We measured self-reported walking using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire and collected perceptions of the environment and self-selection factors. We calculated objective measures of the built environment using a Geographic Information System. Results. After relocation, participants in livable versus conventional developments had greater street connectivity, residential density, land use mix, and access to destinations and more positive perceptions of their neighborhood (all P < .05). However, there were no significant differences in walking over time by type of development (P > .05). Conclusions. Implementation of the Livable Neighborhoods Guidelines produced more supportive environments; however, the level of intervention was insufficient to encourage more walking. Evaluations of new urban planning policies need to incorporate longer term follow-up to allow time for new neighborhoods to develop.
Subject Epidemiology
Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
DOI - identifier 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301230
Copyright notice © 2017 American Public Health Association
ISSN 0090-0036
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