A review of fire processes modeling of combustible materials under external heat flux

Shi, L and Chew, M 2013, 'A review of fire processes modeling of combustible materials under external heat flux', Fuel, vol. 106, pp. 30-50.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A review of fire processes modeling of combustible materials under external heat flux
Author(s) Shi, L
Chew, M
Year 2013
Journal name Fuel
Volume number 106
Start page 30
End page 50
Total pages 21
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract One-dimensional model is fundamental to two- or three-dimensional modeling of combustible materials, which can be classified into wood, non-charring polymer, charring polymer and intumescent polymer according to their characteristics. Four fire processes are involved in fire development, such as thermal process, physical process, chemical process and failure process. Consideration of all four fire processes for these combustible materials is significant to modeling accuracy and application fields. Therefore, the state of the art of one-dimensional modeling describing all four fire processes of woods, non-charring polymers, charring polymers and intumescent polymers under external heat flux was reviewed. A summary of typical considerations in previous one-dimensional models was provided, including heat conduction, pyrolysis, production of gas volatiles, volume change, water evaporation, internal gas pressure, properties of permeability and porosity, and mechanical behaviors. Empirical models and critical data of fire processes were also collected for modeling input. This paper can provide a guide to one-dimensional modeling and build basis for two- and three-dimensional modeling.
Subject Construction Engineering
Keyword(s) Combustion
Fire processes
Mechanical behaviors
One-dimensional modeling
Pyrolysis
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.fuel.2012.12.057
Copyright notice © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0016-2361
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 21 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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