Maximum smoke temperature beneath the ceiling in an enclosed channel with different fire locations

Yao, Y, Cheng, X, Zhang, S, Zhu, K, Zhang, H and Shi, L 2017, 'Maximum smoke temperature beneath the ceiling in an enclosed channel with different fire locations', Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 111, pp. 30-38.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Maximum smoke temperature beneath the ceiling in an enclosed channel with different fire locations
Author(s) Yao, Y
Cheng, X
Zhang, S
Zhu, K
Zhang, H
Shi, L
Year 2017
Journal name Applied Thermal Engineering
Volume number 111
Start page 30
End page 38
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Smoke movement and the temperature beneath the ceiling in enclosed channel were investigated experimentally and theoretically. The experimental results show that the maximum smoke temperature decreases with an increasing flame inclination angle when fire source is moving away from the channel center in Region I (within the dimensionless distance for 0.64), which is caused by the gas velocity difference of the two sides of flame. However, when the dimensionless distance is >0.64, the maximum smoke temperature was observed to rise. In addition, an existing model was improved to predict the maximum smoke temperature in enclosed channel applying it to different boundary conditions. Its predictions fit reasonably well when the fire source located at Region I. Beyond that, the predictions are lower than the experiments, which is probably because of the absent consideration of bouncing process of the hot smoke from end walls. Therefore, an extra correction coefficient was proposed to the improved model in Region II with a consideration of bouncing process of the hot smoke from both end walls. As a result, it was found that the experimental results can be well predicted by this model in Region II.
Subject Construction Engineering
Keyword(s) Enclosed channel
Fire location
Flame inclination
Maximum smoke temperature
Smoke movement
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.08.161
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN 1359-4311
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