Experimental and theoretical study of a lab scale permeate gap membrane distillation setup for desalination

Mahmoudi, F, Moazami Goodarzi, G, Dehghani, S and Akbarzadeh, A 2017, 'Experimental and theoretical study of a lab scale permeate gap membrane distillation setup for desalination', Desalination, vol. 419, pp. 197-210.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Experimental and theoretical study of a lab scale permeate gap membrane distillation setup for desalination
Author(s) Mahmoudi, F
Moazami Goodarzi, G
Dehghani, S
Akbarzadeh, A
Year 2017
Journal name Desalination
Volume number 419
Start page 197
End page 210
Total pages 14
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Membrane distillation (MD) as a novel thermally-driven process with moderate operating temperatures is a known effective technology for salt-water desalination. In this research, a lab scale plate-and-frame permeate gap membrane distillation (PGMD) module with internal heat recovery characteristic is designed. The developed PGMD module performance is experimentally investigated for fresh and saline water feed in terms of permeate water flux rate, specific thermal energy consumption (STEC) and gained output ratio (GOR). The experimental results show that for a feed sample with 130 (g/kg: ppt) concentration (nearly four times seawater salinity), increasing the feed flow rate from approximately 0.4 to 1 L/min, led to increasing the distillate flux from 3 to 5 kg/m2 h. However, increasing the feed flow rate in this range also led to approximately 40% increase in the STEC of the system. Furthermore, a single node theoretical model based on the PGMD module configuration is developed and the modelling results validated with experimental values at different feed water flow rate and salinity. The comparison shows a good agreement between the developed model results and experimental outcomes. It is also concluded, optimization of the MD module performance to improve internal heat recovery and produce higher fresh water rate would be achievable by adjusting the effective membrane surface area and feed flow rate.
Subject Water Treatment Processes
Membrane and Separation Technologies
Photodetectors, Optical Sensors and Solar Cells
Keyword(s) Sustainable desalination
Permeate gap membrane distillation
Flat module design
Specific thermal energy consumption
Permeate flux rate
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.desal.2017.06.013
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0011-9164
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