Visual scan patterns of expert and cadet pilots in VFR landing

Martinez Diaz, J, Bil, C, Dyer, A and Garcia Mendoza, J 2017, 'Visual scan patterns of expert and cadet pilots in VFR landing', in Proceedings of the 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference (AIAA 2017), Denver, United States, 5 - 9 June 2017, pp. 1-11.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Visual scan patterns of expert and cadet pilots in VFR landing
Author(s) Martinez Diaz, J
Bil, C
Dyer, A
Garcia Mendoza, J
Year 2017
Conference name 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference
Conference location Denver, United States
Conference dates 5 - 9 June 2017
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference (AIAA 2017)
Publisher American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Place of publication Reston, Virginia, United States
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Abstract Situational awareness is important for pilot control during visual flight rules aircraft landings. This study evaluated the monitoring processes of nine experienced and nine cadet pilots by considering the fixation time outside and inside the cockpit of a Frasca 242 flight simulator. Attention during the final 120s prior to touchdown was quantified using a portable Tobii eye tracker. Results revealed significant differences in the time spent looking outside the cockpit for the expert (77.5%) and cadet (85.4%) groups. Both groups also showed a significant difference in their attention to visual information within the cockpit, and outside, considering optimal or moderate turbulence conditions. The findings are broadly in agreement with Airplane Flying Handbook guidelines for situational awareness, but provide important empirical data on how pilot attention may be modulated considering factors including experience and adaptation to degraded flying conditions. Visual attention may thus play an important role in mapping flight safety.
Subjects Air Transportation and Freight Services
Keyword(s) Eye tracking
pilot training
survey
scan patterns
Copyright notice © 2017 American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics ( AIAA )
ISBN 9781624105081
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Created: Wed, 13 Sep 2017, 13:04:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
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