Optimized phase disposition (PD) modulation of a modular multilevel converter

McGrath, B, Teixeira, C and Holmes, G 2017, 'Optimized phase disposition (PD) modulation of a modular multilevel converter', IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 4624-4633.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Optimized phase disposition (PD) modulation of a modular multilevel converter
Author(s) McGrath, B
Teixeira, C
Holmes, G
Year 2017
Journal name IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Volume number 53
Issue number 5
Start page 4624
End page 4633
Total pages 10
Publisher IEEE
Abstract This paper presents a theoretical harmonic analysis of phase disposition (PD) and phase-shifted carrier pulse-width modulation strategies for modular multilevel converters (MMCs). It is shown that when these strategies are implemented on a per MMC arm basis, their spectral performances converge because of cancellation of odd carrier sideband groups between each phase leg's arms. An improved PD modulation strategy is then presented that uses a single PD modulator for the entire phase leg, followed by a state machine decoder that evenly distributes switching pulses to all submodules across the phase leg upper and lower arms to balance the distribution of submodule commutation events. The resulting strategy achieves optimum phase leg PD spectral performance and also achieves natural voltage balancing of the MMC submodules. All theoretical findings are supported by simulation and experimental results obtained using a five-level MMC prototype.
Subject Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power)
Industrial Electronics
Keyword(s) Double Fourier
modular multilevel converter (MMC)
pulse-width modulation (PWM)
spectral analysis
DOI - identifier 10.1109/TIA.2017.2697953
Copyright notice © 2017 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission.
ISSN 0093-9994
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