Do multinational subsidiaries demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country? Evidence from Ghana

Ayentimi, D, Burgess, J and Dayaram, K 2017, 'Do multinational subsidiaries demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country? Evidence from Ghana', Employee Relations, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1066-1082.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Do multinational subsidiaries demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country? Evidence from Ghana
Author(s) Ayentimi, D
Burgess, J
Dayaram, K
Year 2017
Journal name Employee Relations
Volume number 39
Issue number 7
Start page 1066
End page 1082
Total pages 26
Publisher Emerald Publishing Limited
Abstract Purpose Using an institutionalist perspective, and through case study analysis, this article examines whether subsidiaries of MNEs demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country context. Design/methodology/approach This article reports on an exploratory qualitative study involving five MNEs subsidiaries that operate in Ghana and originate from the UK, France, Germany and India. We applied thematic and cross-case analysis techniques to explore similarities and differences in their HRM practices by drawing data from in-depth face-to-face interviews and document analyses. Findings Findings suggest that MNE subsidiaries demonstrate more convergence across their HRM practices as well as other HRM characteristics. Despite the similarities in their HRM practices, the evidence suggests that MNE subsidiaries' HRM practices were similar to corporate headquarters HRM practices. It appears that the host-country has less influence in driving their convergence but rather the country-of-origin effect; competitive isomorphic pressure and global integration benefits were driving their convergence across their HRM practices Originality/value This study makes a contribution to the convergence-divergence literature in the international HRM (IHRM) domain with specific focus on addressing an under-researched context of less developed host-countries. One of the puzzles in comparative and IHRM literature yet to be resolved is the convergence-divergence thesis of firms' HRM practices.
Subject Entrepreneurship
DOI - identifier 10.1108/ER-10-2016-0203
Copyright notice © Emerald Publishing Limited 2017
ISSN 0142-5455
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