Neighbourhood socioeconomic and transport disadvantage: The potential to reduce social inequities in health through transport

Rachele, J, Learnihan, V, Badland, H, Mavoa, S, Turrell, G and Giles-Corti, B 2017, 'Neighbourhood socioeconomic and transport disadvantage: The potential to reduce social inequities in health through transport', Journal of Transport and Health, vol. 7, pp. 256-263.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Neighbourhood socioeconomic and transport disadvantage: The potential to reduce social inequities in health through transport
Author(s) Rachele, J
Learnihan, V
Badland, H
Mavoa, S
Turrell, G
Giles-Corti, B
Year 2017
Journal name Journal of Transport and Health
Volume number 7
Start page 256
End page 263
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Globally, concerns about population growth, urbanisation, traffic congestion, climate change and rising chronic disease are prompting policy-makers and governments to prioritise policies that support local walking and increase access to public transport. These are of particular relevance for those more likely to experience transport disadvantage, such as those in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, where transport disadvantage tends to be higher. The aim of this study was to examine associations between neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and transport-related spatial measures, identified through a review of transport-related policies. It included 2460 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia as defined by the 2011 Australian national census boundaries. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage was measured using a census-derived composite index. Policy-relevant spatial measures included: street connectivity, cul-de-sac length, street block length, traffic volume, public transport stops and public transport frequency. Data were analysed using binary and multinomial logistic regression. More disadvantaged neighbourhoods had significantly greater odds of being highly connected, and with cul-de-sac and street block lengths, and public transport stop access and frequencies at levels recommended by Australian urban and transport policies, although they also had higher traffic volumes. Compared with more advantaged neighbourhoods, there was no evidence that disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Brisbane experience transport disadvantage. Although these neighbourhoods have higher levels of traffic, they are more likely to comprise urban and transport design features and levels of public transport access recommended by Australian urban and transport policies. The distribution of transport-related infrastructure in Brisbane has potential to reduce health inequities; and could potentially be enhanced further by reducing exposure to traffic.
Subject Urban Design
Keyword(s) Transport disadvantage
Neighbourhood disadvantage
Socioeconomic background
Policy
Review
Urban Planning
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jth.2017.09.002
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 2214-1405
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 15 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 19 Sep 2018, 13:27:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us