Influence of gas injection on viscous and viscoelastic properties of Xanthan gum

Bobade, V, Cheetham, M, Hashim, J and Eshtiaghi, N 2018, 'Influence of gas injection on viscous and viscoelastic properties of Xanthan gum', Water Research, vol. 134, pp. 86-91.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Influence of gas injection on viscous and viscoelastic properties of Xanthan gum
Author(s) Bobade, V
Cheetham, M
Hashim, J
Eshtiaghi, N
Year 2018
Journal name Water Research
Volume number 134
Start page 86
End page 91
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Xanthan gum is widely used as a model fluid for sludge to mimic the rheological behaviour under various conditions including impact of gas injection in sludge. However, there is no study to show the influence of gas injection on rheological properties of xanthan gum specifically at the concentrations at which it is used as a model fluid for sludge with solids concentration above 2%. In this paper, the rheological properties of aqueous xanthan gum solutions at different concentrations were measured over a range of gas injection flow rates. The effect of gas injection on both the flow and viscoelastic behaviour of Xanthan gum (using two different methods - a creep test and a time sweep test) was evaluated. The viscosity curve of different solid concentrations of digested sludge and waste activated sludge were compared with different solid concentrations of Xanthan gum and the results showed that Xanthan gum can mimic the flow behaviour of sludge in flow regime. The results in linear viscoelastic regime showed that increasing gas flow rate increases storage modulus (G'), indicating an increase in the intermolecular associations within the material structure leading to an increase in material strength and solid behaviour. Similarly, in creep test an increase in the gas flow rate decreased strain%, signifying that the material has become more resistant to flow. Both observed behaviour is opposite to what occurs in sludge under similar conditions. The results of both the creep test and the time sweep test indicated that choosing Xanthan gum aqueous solution as a transparent model fluid for sludge in viscoelastic regime under similar conditions involving gas injection in a concentration range studied is not feasible. However Xanthan gum can be used as a model material for sludge in flow regime; because it shows a similar behaviour to sludge.
Subject Rheology
Wastewater Treatment Processes
Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Gas injection
Xanthan gum
Viscoelastic properties
Flow behaviour
Herschel-Bulkley model
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.watres.2018.01.071
Copyright notice © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0043-1354
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