Experimental investigations on the effects of bottom ventilation on the fire behavior of natural rubber latex foam

Huang, D, Zhang, M, Guo, C, Shi, L and Lin, P 2018, 'Experimental investigations on the effects of bottom ventilation on the fire behavior of natural rubber latex foam', Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 133, pp. 201-210.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Experimental investigations on the effects of bottom ventilation on the fire behavior of natural rubber latex foam
Author(s) Huang, D
Zhang, M
Guo, C
Shi, L
Lin, P
Year 2018
Journal name Applied Thermal Engineering
Volume number 133
Start page 201
End page 210
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Characteristics of easy ignition and high spreading risk make bedding materials extremely hazardous in an apartment fire. Typical bedding material, namely natural rubber (NR) latex foam with 6 mm diameter holes, was investigated experimentally in this study. Two ventilation conditions were considered: bottom ventilation (sample bottom was covered by stainless grid allowing air supply, denoted as BV); and normal ventilation (sample bottom was covered by insulation board avoiding air supply, represented by NV). The heat transfer process of the sample under the two ventilation conditions was then analyzed. It was known from experiment that samples under both ventilation conditions show three burning stages: initial growth, full development, and decaying. With sufficient oxygen supply, samples under BV conditions showed a higher hazard than those under NV conditions, companied with a longer time period of full development stage, bigger flame spread rate and bottom ignition. Flame spread rates at sample top were about 1.6 mm/s and 1.4 mm/s under BV and NV conditions, respectively. Only under BV conditions, sample bottom was ignited at about 157 s through one edge and also with some moving ignition points, while the maximum temperature rose to about 1200 K. However, maximum flame height under BV conditions showed a lower value than those under NV conditions, which is 0.51 m comparing to 0.59 m. The heat transfer mechanism of the sample was investigated, and the relationship of flame spread rate of the sample under both ventilation conditions is [Formula presented]=1.34[Formula presented] .
Subject Civil Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Bottom ventilation
Heat transfer
Horizontal flame spread rate
Natural rubber latex foam
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.01.044
Copyright notice © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN 1359-4311
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