New ways of gazing: The refractive gaze

Neill, L, Johnston, C and Losekoot, E 2016, 'New ways of gazing: The refractive gaze', International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 138-151.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title New ways of gazing: The refractive gaze
Author(s) Neill, L
Johnston, C
Losekoot, E
Year 2016
Journal name International Journal of Tourism Anthropology
Volume number 5
Issue number 12
Start page 138
End page 151
Total pages 14
Publisher Inderscience Publishers
Abstract This paper proposes a new gaze: the refractive gaze. To provide a contextual framework for it, this paper explores Foucault's (1963) physicians gaze; Urry's (1999) tourist gaze; Maoz's (2006) mutual gaze and Bell's (2005) prescriptive and nervous gazes. We introduce the refractive gaze by examining how tourist-gastronomes negotiate food risk and how this fuels their culinary and cultural capital. The refractive gaze incorporates the subjectively experienced cognitive and sensuous elements that tourist-gastronomes encounter in their quest for 'out of the ordinary' food experiences. Our research is based on secondary case sources that illuminate the articulated theory; in particular, the work of Bell (2010) - who noted how tourist-gastronomes negotiate horse milk consumption in rural Mongolia - which emphasised the internal thought processes followed in deciding to override a fear/risk nexus in order to gain the bragging rights of cultural and culinary capital. Interpretation of Bell's (2010) case material indicates the refractive gaze has potentially broad generalisability vis-à-vis academic understanding of touristic food experience, as well as in areas beyond this domain.
Subject Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience
Social and Cultural Anthropology
Keyword(s) Culinary capital
Cultural capital
Refractive gaze
Risk
Tourist-gastronome
DOI - identifier 10.1504/IJTA.2016.076852
Copyright notice © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN 1759-0442
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