Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection

Kuriakose, S, Ahmed, T, Balendhran, S, Bansal, V, Sriram, S, Bhaskaran, M and Walia, S 2018, 'Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection', 2D Materials, vol. 5, no. 3, 032001, pp. 1-10.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection
Author(s) Kuriakose, S
Ahmed, T
Balendhran, S
Bansal, V
Sriram, S
Bhaskaran, M
Walia, S
Year 2018
Journal name 2D Materials
Volume number 5
Issue number 3
Article Number 032001
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Institute of Physics Science Publishing
Abstract Elemental 2D black phosphorus (BP) is a highly anisotropic versatile material capable of exhibiting wide ranging electronic characteristics ranging from semi-metallic to semiconducting. Its thickness dependent tunable energy gap makes it an exciting prospect for deployment in a variety of applications. The main hurdle limiting diverse applications incorporating BP is its ambient instability. BP degrades rapidly under room conditions, affecting its structure and properties. In this report, we cover the recent progress that has occurred towards protecting BP from ambient degradation. We review the major developments in effectively countering the problem and compare their relative degrees of success. This is provided in the context of the mechanisms governing the atmospheric instability of this material. A targeted focus is kept on the various causes of degradation of BP in atmospheric conditions and the protection strategies that have been implemented so far.
Subject Physical Chemistry of Materials
Functional Materials
Nanoelectronics
Keyword(s) Black phosphorus
Degradation
Stability
Protection
DOI - identifier 10.1088/2053-1583/aab810
Copyright notice © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd
ISSN 1742-6596
Additional Notes ARC Grant ID DP140100170
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