Biodiversity sensitive urban design

Garrard, G, Williams, N, Mata, L, Thomas, J and Bekessy, S 2018, 'Biodiversity sensitive urban design', Conservation Letters, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1-10.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Biodiversity sensitive urban design
Author(s) Garrard, G
Williams, N
Mata, L
Thomas, J
Bekessy, S
Year 2018
Journal name Conservation Letters
Volume number 11
Issue number 2
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Abstract Cities are increasingly considered important places for biodiversity conservation because they can harbor threatened species and because conservation in cities represents an opportunity to reconnect people with nature and the range of health and well-being benefits it provides. However, urbanization can be catastrophic for native species, and is a well-known threat to biodiversity worldwide. Urbanization impacts can be mitigated by urban design and development improvements, but take-up of these practices has been slow. There is an urgent need to incorporate existing ecological knowledge into a framework that can be used by planners and developers to ensure that biodiversity conservation is considered in decision-making processes. Here, we distill the urban biodiversity literature into five principles for biodiversity sensitive urban design (BSUD), ranging from creating habitat and promoting dispersal to facilitating community stewardship. We then present a framework for implementing BSUD aimed at delivering onsite benefits to biodiversity, and that is applicable across a range of urban development types and densities. We illustrate the application of the BSUD framework in two case studies focusing on the: (1) protection of an endangered vegetation remnant in a new low-density subdivision; and (2) persistence of an endangered reptile in an established suburban environment.
Subject Conservation and Biodiversity
Land Use and Environmental Planning
Urban Design
Keyword(s) Biodiversity rating scheme
conservation planning
landscape design
nature in cities
urban biodiversity
population viability
sustainable urban development
DOI - identifier 10.1111/conl.12411
Copyright notice © 2017 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN 1755-263X
Additional Notes Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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