Interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups: An umbrella review

Craike, M, Wiesner, G, Hilland, T and Bengoechea, E 2018, 'Interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups: An umbrella review', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-11.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups: An umbrella review
Author(s) Craike, M
Wiesner, G
Hilland, T
Bengoechea, E
Year 2018
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Abstract Background: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups. Two authors independently conducted study screening and selection, data extraction (one author, with data checked by two others) and assessment of methodological quality using the 'Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews' scale. Results were synthesized narratively. Results: Seventeen reviews met our inclusion criteria, with only 5 (30%) reviews being assessed as high quality. Seven (41%) reviews focused on obesity prevention and an additional four focused on multiple behavioural outcomes. For pre school children, parent-focused, group-based interventions were effective in improving physical activity. For children, school-based interventions and policies were effective; few studies focused on adolescents and those that did were generally not effective; for adults, there was mixed evidence of effectiveness but characteristics such as group-based interventions and those that focused on physical activity only were associated with effectiveness. Few studies focused on older adults. Across all ages, interventions that were more intensive tended to be more effective. Most studies reported short-term, rather than longer-term, outcomes and common methodological limitations included high probability of selection bias, low response rates, and high attrition. Conclusions: Interventions can be successful at improving
Subject Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Health Promotion
Education not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Adolescents
Adults
Children
Effectiveness
Impoverished
Intervention
Physical activity
Socioeconomic disadvantage
Underserved
DOI - identifier 10.1186/s12966-018-0676-2
Copyright notice © The Author(s). 2018 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
ISSN 1479-5868
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