Are measures derived from land use and transport policies associated with walking for transport?

Rachele, J, Learnihan, V, Badland, H, Mavoa, S, Turrell, G and Giles-Corti, B 2018, 'Are measures derived from land use and transport policies associated with walking for transport?', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 13-21.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Are measures derived from land use and transport policies associated with walking for transport?
Author(s) Rachele, J
Learnihan, V
Badland, H
Mavoa, S
Turrell, G
Giles-Corti, B
Year 2018
Journal name Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 13
End page 21
Total pages 9
Publisher Human Kinetics, Inc.
Abstract Background: There is growing urgency for higher quality evidence to inform policy. This study developed geographic information system spatial measures based on land use and transport policies currently used in selected Australian states to assess which, if any, of these measures were associated with walking for transport. Methods: Overall, 6901 participants from 570 neighborhoods in Brisbane Australia, were included. Participants reported their minutes of walking for transport in the previous week. After a review of state-level land use and transport policies relevant to walking for transport across Australia, 7 geographic information system measures were developed and tested based on 9 relevant policies. Data were analyzed using multilevel multinomial logistic regression. Results: Greater levels of walking for transport were associated with more highly connected street networks, the presence of public transport stops, and having at least 2 public transport services per hour. Conversely, neighborhoods with shorter cul-de-sac lengths had lower levels of walking for transport. There was no evidence of associations between walking for transport and street block lengths less than 240 m or traffic volumes. Conclusions: These findings highlight the need for urban design and transport policies developed by governments to be assessed for their impact on transport-related physical activity.
Subject Epidemiology
Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Active transport
Built environment
Epidemiology
Physical activity
Policy
Walkability
DOI - identifier 10.1123/jpah.2016-0693
Copyright notice © 2018 Human Kinetics, Inc.
ISSN 1543-3080
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