Numerical investigation of back-layering length and critical velocity in curved subway tunnels with different turning radius

Zhang, S, Yang, H, Yao, Y, Zhu, K, Zhou, Y, Cheng, X and Shi, L 2017, 'Numerical investigation of back-layering length and critical velocity in curved subway tunnels with different turning radius', Fire Technology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1765-1793.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Numerical investigation of back-layering length and critical velocity in curved subway tunnels with different turning radius
Author(s) Zhang, S
Yang, H
Yao, Y
Zhu, K
Zhou, Y
Cheng, X
Shi, L
Year 2017
Journal name Fire Technology
Volume number 53
Issue number 5
Start page 1765
End page 1793
Total pages 29
Publisher Springer
Abstract Curved tunnels are inevitable subjected to the city underground geological conditions. Due to the catastrophic consequence of tunnel fires with high population density, the related researches on fire safety of curved tunnel are full of significance. Therefore, a series of curved subway tunnels with turning radius of 300-1000 m were investigated numerically by FDS 5.5.3 in terms of the smoke back-layering length and critical ventilation velocity under the heat release rate of 5-10 MW. Theoretical analysis shows that the curved tunnel with the local resistance has an advantage of preventing smoke spreading compared with straight tunnel. The simulation results also indicated that both the smoke back-layering length and the critical ventilation velocity increased with the rising turning radius, and the straight tunnel has the largest values. In fact, the local resistance impact factor for the smoke back-layering length in the curved tunnel, (Formula presented.), was controlled by turning radius (Formula presented.) and ventilation velocity (Formula presented.). The dimensionless critical velocity increased slightly from (Formula presented.) to (Formula presented.) when the turning radius increased from 300 m to 1000 m. Without considering the influence of turning radius (local resistance), previous models cannot be applied to the curved tunnel. The improved prediction models about smoke back-layering length and critical velocity with the factor of turning radius could provide a technical guideline for the tunnel ventilation designs.
Subject Construction Engineering
Keyword(s) Critical velocity
Curved subway tunnel
FDS
Smoke back-layering length
Turning radius
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s10694-017-0656-0
Copyright notice © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York
ISSN 0015-2684
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