Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: the mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance

Chan, X, Kalliath, T, Brough, P, Siu, O, O'Driscoll, M and Timms, C 2016, 'Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: the mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance', International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 1755-1776.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: the mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance
Author(s) Chan, X
Kalliath, T
Brough, P
Siu, O
O'Driscoll, M
Timms, C
Year 2016
Journal name International Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume number 27
Issue number 15
Start page 1755
End page 1776
Total pages 22
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract Although the direct effects of work-family enrichment on satisfaction are well-documented, previous theoretical predictions and empirical findings of the relationship have been inconsistent. Drawing on social cognitive theory, the current research examined how work-family enrichment contributes to job and family satisfaction by exploring the mediating mechanisms of self-efficacy and work-life balance. This study also empirically validated a new self-efficacy measure using the work-life interface nomological network. A heterogeneous sample of Australian employees (N = 234) from four different organisations responded to two waves of data collection separated by a 12-month interval. Using structural equation modelling, the results of the statistical analysis provided preliminary support for the hypothesised chain mediation model and the newly developed five-item self-efficacy to regulate work and life scale. Specifically, work-to-family enrichment and family-to-work enrichment were positively related to self-efficacy, which in turn had a positive effect on work-life balance. Similarly, work-life balance had a positive impact on job and family satisfaction. Evidence of these relationships over time was demonstrated, thereby emphasising the importance of person-cognitive resources (e.g. self-efficacy) in influencing life outcomes. Validation of the self-efficacy scale also demonstrated robust psychometric properties and criterion validity. Implications of these results were subsequently discussed.
Subject Human Resources Management
Organisational Behaviour
Keyword(s) family satisfaction
job satisfaction
self-efficacy to regulate work and life
social cognitive theory
work-family enrichment
work-life balance
DOI - identifier 10.1080/09585192.2015.1075574
Copyright notice © 2015 Taylor & Francis
ISSN 0958-5192
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