Three-dimensional numerical modeling of composite panels subjected to underwater blast

Tran, P 2013, 'Three-dimensional numerical modeling of composite panels subjected to underwater blast', Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 1319-1336.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Three-dimensional numerical modeling of composite panels subjected to underwater blast
Author(s) Tran, P
Year 2013
Journal name Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Volume number 61
Issue number 6
Start page 1319
End page 1336
Total pages 18
Publisher Pergamom Press
Abstract Designing lightweight high-performance materials that can sustain high impulsive loadings is of great interest for marine applications. In this study, a finite element fluid-structure interaction model was developed to understand the deformation and failure mechanisms of both monolithic and sandwich composite panels. Fiber (E-glass fiber) and matrix (vinylester resin) damage and degradation in individual unidirectional composite laminas were modeled using Hashin failure model. The delamination between laminas was modeled by a strain-rate sensitive cohesive law. In sandwich panels, core compaction (H250 PVC foam) is modeled by a crushable foam plasticity model with volumetric hardening and strain-rate sensitivity. The model-predicted deformation histories, fiber/matrix damage patterns, and inter-lamina delamination, in both monolithic and sandwich composite panels, were compared with experimental observations. The simulations demonstrated that the delamination process is strongly rate dependent, and that Hashin model captures the spatial distribution and magnitude of damage to a first-order approximation. The model also revealed that the foam plays an important role in improving panel performance by mitigating the transmitted impulse to the back-side face sheet while maintaining overall bending stiffness.
Subject Composite and Hybrid Materials
Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Solid Mechanics
Keyword(s) Composite failure
Delamination
Finite element analysis
Fluid-structure interaction
Foam compaction
Underwater blast
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jmps.2013.02.007
Copyright notice © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0022-5096
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