Variability in CRP, regulatory T cells and effector T cells over time in gynaecological cancer patients: A study of potential oscillatory behaviour and correlations

Madondo, M, Tuyaerts, S, Turnbull, B, Vanderstraeten, A, Holbrook, K, Narasimhan, B, Amant, F, Quinn, M and Plebanski, M 2014, 'Variability in CRP, regulatory T cells and effector T cells over time in gynaecological cancer patients: A study of potential oscillatory behaviour and correlations', Journal of Translational Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, 179, pp. 1-1.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Variability in CRP, regulatory T cells and effector T cells over time in gynaecological cancer patients: A study of potential oscillatory behaviour and correlations
Author(s) Madondo, M
Tuyaerts, S
Turnbull, B
Vanderstraeten, A
Holbrook, K
Narasimhan, B
Amant, F
Quinn, M
Plebanski, M
Year 2014
Journal name Journal of Translational Medicine
Volume number 12
Issue number 1
Article Number 179
Start page 1
End page 1
Total pages 1
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Abstract Background: The inflammatory marker, C reactive protein has been proposed to also be a biomarker for adaptive immune responses in cancer patients with a possible application in time based chemotherapy. Fluxes in serum CRP levels were suggested to be indicative of a cyclical process in which, immune activation is followed by auto-regulating immune suppression. The applicability of CRP as a biomarker for regulatory or effector T cells was therefore investigated in a cohort of patients with gynaecological malignancies.Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from a cohort of patients at 7 time points over a period of 12 days. Serum and mononuclear cells were isolated and CRP levels in serum were detected using ELISA while regulatory and effector T cell frequencies were assessed using flow cytometry. To test periodicity, periodogram analysis of data was employed while Pearson correlation and the Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to determine correlations.Results: The statistical analysis used showed no evidence of periodic oscillation in either serum CRP concentrations or Teffand Tregfrequencies. Furthermore, there was no apparent correlation between serum CRP concentrations and the corresponding frequencies of Tregsor Teffs. Relative to healthy individuals, the disease state in the patients neither significantly affected the mean frequency of Tregsnor the mean coefficient of variation within the Tregpopulation over time. However, both Teffmean frequency and mean coefficient of variation were significantly reduced in patients.Conclusion: Using our methods we were unable to detect CRP oscillations that could be used as a consistent serial biomarker for time based chemotherapy. © 2014 Madondo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Subject Immunology not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) CRP
Gynaecological malignancies
Inflammation
Teff
Treg
DOI - identifier 10.1186/1479-5876-12-179
Copyright notice © Madondo et al.
ISSN 1479-5876
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