Performance of hollow steel tube bollards under quasi-static and lateral impact load

Tran, P 2015, 'Performance of hollow steel tube bollards under quasi-static and lateral impact load', Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 88, pp. 41-47.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Performance of hollow steel tube bollards under quasi-static and lateral impact load
Author(s) Tran, P
Year 2015
Journal name Thin-Walled Structures
Volume number 88
Start page 41
End page 47
Total pages 7
Publisher Pergamom Press
Abstract In order to prevent vehicle access to a protected area, vehicle barriers can be installed around the perimeter of the area. Bollards are commonly used as vehicle barriers. This is due to the fact that they can be readily blended with other architectural features and present fewer disturbances to a building's functionality when compared to other barrier systems. Hollow steel tubes are used in a variety of barrier system applications where they are required to absorb deformation energy. Varying methods, such as finite element analysis or experimental observation, can be used to determine the collapse behaviour and energy absorption of these steel structures under lateral impact load. These methods have high accuracy but demand a significant amount of time and computational resources. Apart from experimental and numerical analyses, Yield Line Mechanism (YLM) is an approach that can provide the collapse response of sections. This is when a section fails and the YLM of failure forms at its localised plastic hinge point. The YLM analysis approach is commonly used to investigate the performance of thin-wall structures that have local failure mechanisms. This paper investigates the collapse behaviour and energy absorption capability of hollow steel tubes under large deformation due to lateral impact load. The YLM technique is applied using the energy method, and is based upon measured spatial plastic collapse mechanisms from experiments. Analytical solutions for the collapse curve and in-plane rotation capacity are developed, and are used to model the large deformation behaviour and energy absorption. The analytical results are shown to compare well with the experimental values. The YLM model is then used to verify the finite element model (FEM), and then the failure behaviour and energy absorption of hollow steel tubes under lateral impact load is investigated in more detail.
Subject Composite and Hybrid Materials
Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Solid Mechanics
Keyword(s) Collapse behaviour
Energy absorption
Hollow steel tubes
Yield line mechanisms
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.tws.2014.11.024
Copyright notice © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0263-8231
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