Influences of weaving architectures on the impact resistance of multi-layer fabrics

Tran, P 2015, 'Influences of weaving architectures on the impact resistance of multi-layer fabrics', Materials and Design, vol. 85, pp. 282-295.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Influences of weaving architectures on the impact resistance of multi-layer fabrics
Author(s) Tran, P
Year 2015
Journal name Materials and Design
Volume number 85
Start page 282
End page 295
Total pages 14
Publisher Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract Fabrics constructed from different weaving architectures such as plain, basket, twill and satin provide varying flexibility and durability when applied on surfaces of complex structures for protective applications. They also affect the manufacturing processes and mechanical properties of both fabrics and composite structures in various applications such as soft armours, helmets, aircraft engine cowlings or automobile monocoques. In this work, the influences of weaving architectures on the ballistic resistance and energy absorption of both single and multi-layer Twaron® fabrics are investigated. A mesoscale yarn model is constructed, validated experimentally, and analytical. Finite element fabric models of different fabric structures are then developed and their firmness is quantified using interlacing factors. Numerical models for plain weave are validated against experimental results from single-ply ballistic tests. The evolutions of kinetic, strain, and friction energy components, normalised with areal mass, are presented to demonstrate the better ballistic protection of the plain weave compared with other weaving architectures. Further investigations on multi-ply systems illustrate the energy absorption capacities for different types of woven fabrics and the associated ballistic resistances. The research results indicate that weaving architectures and fabric firmness are less influential on the overall ballistic protection of multi-ply systems compared to the single-ply cases.
Subject Composite and Hybrid Materials
Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Solid Mechanics
Keyword(s) Ballistic impact
Composite textile
Fabric architecture
Woven fabric
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.07.014
Copyright notice © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0264-1275
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