Seismic vulnerability functions for Australian buildings by using GEM empirical vulnerability assessment guidelines

Maqsood, S, Edwards, M, Iannou, I, Kosmidis, I, Rossetto, T and Corby, N 2016, 'Seismic vulnerability functions for Australian buildings by using GEM empirical vulnerability assessment guidelines', Natural Hazards, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 1625-1650.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Seismic vulnerability functions for Australian buildings by using GEM empirical vulnerability assessment guidelines
Author(s) Maqsood, S
Edwards, M
Iannou, I
Kosmidis, I
Rossetto, T
Corby, N
Year 2016
Journal name Natural Hazards
Volume number 80
Issue number 3
Start page 1625
End page 1650
Total pages 26
Publisher Springer
Abstract Australia has a low to moderate seismicity by world standards. However, the seismic risk is significant due to the legacy of older buildings constructed prior to the national implementation of an earthquake building standard in Australia. The 1989 Newcastle and the 2010 Kalgoorlie earthquakes are the most recent Australian earthquakes to cause significant damage to unreinforced masonry (URM) and light timber frame structures and have provided the best opportunities to examine the earthquake vulnerability of these building types. This paper describes the two above-mentioned building types with a differentiation of older legacy buildings constructed prior to 1945 to the relatively newer ones constructed after 1945. Furthermore, the paper presents method to utilise the large damage and loss-related data (14,000 insurance claims in Newcastle and 400 surveyed buildings in Kalgoorlie) collected from these events to develop empirical vulnerability functions. The method adopted here followed the GEM empirical vulnerability assessment guidelines which involve preparing a loss database, selecting an appropriate intensity measure, selecting and applying a suitable statistical approach to develop vulnerability functions and the identification of optimum functions. The adopted method uses a rigorous statistical approach to quantify uncertainty in vulnerability functions and provides an optimum solution based on goodness-of-fit tests. The analysis shows that the URM structures built before 1945 are the most vulnerable to earthquake with post-1945 URM structures being the next most vulnerable. Timber structures appear to be the least vulnerable, with little difference observed in the vulnerability of timber buildings built before or after 1945. Moreover, the older structures (both URM and timber) exhibit more scatter in results reflecting greater variation in building vulnerability and performance during earthquakes. The analysis also highlights the importan
Subject Structural Engineering
Earthquake Engineering
Keyword(s) Beta regression
Empirical vulnerability
GEM empirical vulnerability assessment guidelines
Kalgoorlie earthquake
Newcastle earthquake
Unreinforced masonry
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s11069-015-2042-x
Copyright notice © The Author(s) 2015
ISSN 0921-030X
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