Greenhouse gas emissions of different fly ash based geopolymer concretes in building construction

Sandanayake, M, Gunasekara, C, Law, D, Zhang, K and Setunge, S 2018, 'Greenhouse gas emissions of different fly ash based geopolymer concretes in building construction', journal of cleaner production, vol. 204, pp. 399-408.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Greenhouse gas emissions of different fly ash based geopolymer concretes in building construction
Author(s) Sandanayake, M
Gunasekara, C
Law, D
Zhang, K
Setunge, S
Year 2018
Journal name journal of cleaner production
Volume number 204
Start page 399
End page 408
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Replacing virgin materials with recycled or sustainable materials to reduce energy consumptions and emissions is the focus of contemporary research to reduce building related emissions. Geopolymer concrete produced using 100% fly ash is a similar sustainable construction material capable of replacing Portland Cement (PC) concrete. As a replacement for PC, fly ash seems to be a sustainable solution, however the benefits from the production process of fly ash geopolymer (FAGP) concrete is the subject of considerable debate. In addition, factors such as local availability and transportation issues could potentially increase the emission profile of FAGP concrete. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the emission profiles for different types of fly ash in Australia considering availability and transportation. A case study and a scenario analysis are also presented to demonstrate the factors that affect the Green House Gas (GHG) emission profile of FAGP manufacture. The results indicate that to the GHG emission profile for FAGP concrete changes considerably based on the material availability, transportation and mix design. Alkali activators and elevated heat curing processes also significantly contribute the total GHG emissions of FAGP concrete production. The results further signify that the case study location could influence the employment of FAGP concrete in terms of GHG emissions. Further studies are encouraged on optimising the cost, GHG emissions, availability and strength characteristics to strike a balance between in sustainability for selecting the best FAGP type for construction. The results also provide the initial factors to be considered in developing a guideline for employing sustainable materials in the building industry.
Subject Civil Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Greenhouse gas emissions
Fly ash geopolymer
Alkali activated slag
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.311
Copyright notice Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0959-6526
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