Effects of neutralization on the structure and properties of an ionomer

Gao, Y, Choudhury, N and Dutta, N 2012, 'Effects of neutralization on the structure and properties of an ionomer', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 2908-2918.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Effects of neutralization on the structure and properties of an ionomer
Author(s) Gao, Y
Choudhury, N
Dutta, N
Year 2012
Journal name Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume number 124
Issue number 4
Start page 2908
End page 2918
Total pages 11
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Abstract The structure, morphology, and properties of an ionomer, poly(ethylene-acrylic-acid) neutralized by zinc salts (PI) depend on the free carboxylic acid content. In this work, metal acetates (Na, Zn, and Al acetates) were used to control the neutralization levels. A wide range of techniques were used, such as spectroscopic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal [thermogravimetric analysis, modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA)], mechanical (tensile measurement), and small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The melt rheological properties of the samples were also examined. The results show that metal acetate neutralizes free acrylic acid in the ionomer, which has the primary role in controlling ionic association. The number of ionic groups in ionic domains and multiplets in the matrix is dependent on the neutralization level. Metal valence determines the ionic domain or multiplet structure (FTIR), further properties of PI. Dynamic mechanical properties, the ionic transition behaviour, and the mechanical properties are improved compared with PI using monovalent cation (Na +), but decreased using trivalent cation (Al 3+) or shows less significant changes due to steric effects.
Subject Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Nanomaterials
Keyword(s) ionomer
neutralization
thermal properties
rheology
mechanical properties
DOI - identifier 10.1002/app.35310
Copyright notice © 2011 Wiley Periodicals Inc.
ISSN 0021-8995
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