Effect of textile architecture on energy absorption of woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact

Yang, C, Tran, P, Ngo, T, Mendis, P and Humphries, W 2014, 'Effect of textile architecture on energy absorption of woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact', in Grant P. Steven, Qing Li and Zhongpu (Leo) Zhang (ed.) Proceedings of the 1st Australasian Conference on Computational Mechanics (ACCM 2013), Sydney, Australia, 3-4 October 2013, pp. 757-762.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Effect of textile architecture on energy absorption of woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact
Author(s) Yang, C
Tran, P
Ngo, T
Mendis, P
Humphries, W
Year 2014
Conference name ACCM 2013
Conference location Sydney, Australia
Conference dates 3-4 October 2013
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 1st Australasian Conference on Computational Mechanics (ACCM 2013)
Editor(s) Grant P. Steven, Qing Li and Zhongpu (Leo) Zhang
Publisher Trans Tech Publications
Place of publication Switzerland
Start page 757
End page 762
Total pages 6
Abstract Woven fabrics are widely used in various protective applications. The effects of different woven architectures (such as plain, basket, twill and satin) on impact resistance performance have not been adequately studied. In this work, high-speed impact testing on single layer plain weave structures has been carried out using a gas gun experimental setup. Ballistic resistance performance of the woven fabric is evaluated based on the resultant velocity of the projectile, as well as the post-mortem failure analysis. Finite element computational models are presented in this research, thereby providing predictive capability for the manufacturer and designer in order to minimise field testing, as well as shedding light on to the damage mechanisms of composite fabrics subjected to ballistic impact. The numerical model is validated with the experimental results in terms of dissipated energy and resultant velocity. Numerical investigation is conducted on other woven structures of identical areal density for comparison, revealing the importance of fabric architecture. The influences of yarn-yarn and yarn-projectile friction properties on the ballistic performance of various textile structures are also presented.
Subjects Composite and Hybrid Materials
Solid Mechanics
Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Keyword(s) fabric architecture
composite textile
woven fabric
ballistic impact
soft armour
DOI - identifier 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.553.757
Copyright notice © 2014 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
ISSN 1660-9336
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