Evaluation of stress intensity factor for cast iron pipes with sharp corrosion pits

Wang, W, Zhou, A, Fu, G, Li, C, Robert, D and Mahmoodian, M 2017, 'Evaluation of stress intensity factor for cast iron pipes with sharp corrosion pits', Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 81, pp. 254-269.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Evaluation of stress intensity factor for cast iron pipes with sharp corrosion pits
Author(s) Wang, W
Zhou, A
Fu, G
Li, C
Robert, D
Mahmoodian, M
Year 2017
Journal name Engineering Failure Analysis
Volume number 81
Start page 254
End page 269
Total pages 16
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Underground pipes are essential infrastructure for water, oil and gas transport. The presence of localized pitting corrosion has been identified as one of the main deterioration mechanisms for metal pipes, which, when exposed to external loadings, can easily fail due to intensified stresses at the corrosion pit. The assessment of such an intensified stress field around the pit has been a key focus for decades since it is a major mode of pipe failures. Although stress intensity factors for structures with surface cracks have been extensively studied in literature, there is little study essentially relating the stress intensity factors of pipes with different levels of pitting corrosion. In the present study, a three-dimensional geometrical model for corrosion pits is proposed and a J-integral based finite element method is employed to derive the solutions for stress intensity factors for various pit and pipe geometries. Attempt is also made to derive formulas of maximum stress intensity factors by use of the evolutionary polynomial regression method. It has been found that the maximum stress intensity factor for corrosion pits with high aspect ratio occurs at a different position from those with low aspect ratio. It has also been found that idealization of corrosion pits as surface cracks rather than three-dimensional pits will cause an inaccurate estimate of stress intensity factors for pipes. The results of this study provide a fundamental basis for safety evaluation and life prediction of buried cast iron pipelines.
Subject Structural Engineering
Keyword(s) Sharp corrosion pit
Cast iron pipes
Stress intensity factor
Evolutionary polynomial regression
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2017.06.026
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1350-6307
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