Photoluminescence-tunable carbon nanodots: Surface-state energy-gap tuning

Bao, L, Liu, C, Zhang, Z and Pang, D 2015, 'Photoluminescence-tunable carbon nanodots: Surface-state energy-gap tuning', Advanced Materials, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1663-1667.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Photoluminescence-tunable carbon nanodots: Surface-state energy-gap tuning
Author(s) Bao, L
Liu, C
Zhang, Z
Pang, D
Year 2015
Journal name Advanced Materials
Volume number 27
Issue number 10
Start page 1663
End page 1667
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley
Abstract A controllable wet oxidation method for synthesizing excitation-independent C-dots with tunable fluorescent colors was developed. carbon fibers (CFs) were added to a nitric acid solution. Then, the well-stirred solution was heated to 120°C and refluxed for 48 h. The corresponding solution containing C-dots was collected at a given time and then neutralized with NaOH. The resulting solution was first filtered by membrane filters and then ultrafiltered successively. The ECL experiments were conducted in a three-electrode electrochemical system with a Pt-disk working electrode, a Pt-wire counter electrode, and an Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The results revealed that the PL properties of C-dots, mainly influenced by their size and degree of surface oxidation, can be tuned by varying reaction time, temperature, and concentration of nitric acid. The energy gap of the surface states, where electrons and holes recombine to emit fluorescence, correlated with the extent of the π-electron system and surface chemistry.
Subject Sensor Technology (Chemical aspects)
Nanomaterials
Keyword(s) Graphene Quantum Dots
Electrochemical Avenue
In-Vivo
Nanoparticles
Chemiluminescence
Nanocrystals
Luminescence
Fluorescence
Graphite
DOI - identifier 10.1002/adma.201405070
Copyright notice © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN 0935-9648
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