Substance flow analysis of steel and long term sustainability of iron ore resources in Australia, Brazil, China and India

Yellishetty, M and Mudd, G 2014, 'Substance flow analysis of steel and long term sustainability of iron ore resources in Australia, Brazil, China and India', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 400-410.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Substance flow analysis of steel and long term sustainability of iron ore resources in Australia, Brazil, China and India
Author(s) Yellishetty, M
Mudd, G
Year 2014
Journal name Journal of Cleaner Production
Volume number 84
Issue number 1
Start page 400
End page 410
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Substance flow analysis (SFA) provides a helpful tool for the study of the industrial metabolism of a certain substance within a regional level. This paper presents SFA of steel in four countries, namely Australia, Brazil, China and India. These countries are traditionally economically mineral dependent and are major contributors in global iron ore production. For example, in 2010 together these countries produced 81%of world iron ore. Based on the analysis it was found that Australian and Brazilian iron ore stocks will deplete rapidly while China and India are accumulating. This paper then presents a discussion on sustainability issues related to substance flows of steel stocks. The study is aimed at providing better understanding of stocks and flows and to inform the policy making for achieving the industrial metabolism and consequently leading to better management of resources and recycling of steel in the countries under study.
Subject Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Resource depletion
Steel
Substance flow analysis
Sustainability and the GDP
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.02.046
Copyright notice Crown Copyright © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0959-6526
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