Lithium resources and production: Critical assessment and global projections

Mohr, S, Mudd, G and Giurco, D 2012, 'Lithium resources and production: Critical assessment and global projections', Minerals, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65-84.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Lithium resources and production: Critical assessment and global projections
Author(s) Mohr, S
Mudd, G
Giurco, D
Year 2012
Journal name Minerals
Volume number 2
Issue number 1
Start page 65
End page 84
Total pages 20
Publisher M D P I AG
Abstract This paper critically assesses if accessible lithium resources are sufficient for expanded demand due to lithium battery electric vehicles. The ultimately recoverable resources (URR) of lithium globally were estimated at between 19.3 (Case 1) and 55.0 (Case 3) Mt Li; Best Estimate (BE) was 23.6 Mt Li. The Mohr 2010 model was modified to project lithium supply. The Case 1 URR scenario indicates sufficient lithium for a 77% maximum penetration of lithium battery electric vehicles in 2080 whereas supply is adequate to beyond 2200 in the Case 3 URR scenario. Global lithium demand approached a maximum of 857 kt Li/y, with a 100% penetration of lithium vehicles, 3.5 people per car and 10 billion population.
Subject Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Electric vehicle demand
Lithium resources
Lithium supply
DOI - identifier 10.3390/min2010065
Copyright notice © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ISSN 2075-163X
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