Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering

Islam, M, Bhuiyan, M and Islam, M 2017, 'Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering', Journal of Polymers and the Environment, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 854-866.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering
Author(s) Islam, M
Bhuiyan, M
Islam, M
Year 2017
Journal name Journal of Polymers and the Environment
Volume number 25
Issue number 3
Start page 854
End page 866
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer
Abstract Chitin and its deacetylated derivative chitosan are natural polymers composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked d-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (acetylated unit). Biopolymers like chitin and chitosan exhibit diverse properties that open up a wide-ranging of applications in various sectors especially in biomedical science. The latest advances in the biomedical research are important emerging trends that hold a great promise in wound-healing management products. Chitin and chitosan are considered as useful biocompatible materials to be used in a medical device to treat, augment or replace any tissue, organ, or function of the body. A body of recent studies suggests that chitosan and its derivatives are promising candidates for supporting materials in tissue engineering applications. This review article is mainly focused on the contemporary research on chitin and chitosan towards their applications in numerous biomedical fields namely tissue engineering, artificial kidney, skin, bone, cartilage, liver, nerve, tendon, wound-healing, burn treatment and some other useful purposes.
Subject Textile Technology
Keyword(s) Chitin
Tissue engineering
Burn treatment
Antimicrobial application
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s10924-016-0865-5
Copyright notice © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016
ISSN 1566-2543
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